Digital Repository for Área de Conservación Guanacaste, a World Heritage Place.

Patterns of Herbivory in a Tropical Deciduous Forest

Show simple item record Janzen, Daniel H. 2019-01-21T22:43:13Z 2019-01-21T22:43:13Z 1981-12
dc.description.abstract In the lowland deciduous and riparian evergreen forests of Guanacaste Province, Costa Rica, the insect seed predators are highly host-specific and display a variety of traits suggesting that the ways they use hosts are not randomly distributed. The vertebrate seed predators may feed on many species of seeds over the course of a year or within the animal population, but, at any one time or with any one individual, strong facultative host-specificity occurs. Furthermore, the vertebrates have a variety of species-specific behaviors that suggest specialization to overcome the defenses of particular seed species. Even the dispersal agents kill seeds as they pass through their guts, and the details of seed-defecation patterns should be important to the seed. Within this forest, leaf-eating caterpillars seem to be either specialized on one or a few species of plants, or spread over many. While an entire forest is never defoliated at one time, defoliations and severe herbivory occur with many plant species in various seasons or years. Herbivory by large herbivores is probably trivial when compared to that of the insects. Furthermore, the defenses that the large herbivores have to overcome may well have been selected for by both insects and extinct Pleistocene large herbivores. I suspect that many of the animal-plant interactions in this forest are not coevolved, and those that are coevolved will be difficult to distinguish from those that are not. es_CR
dc.language.iso en es_CR
dc.title Patterns of Herbivory in a Tropical Deciduous Forest es_CR
dc.type Article es_CR

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    Artículos de Acceso Abierto y Manuscritos de Investigadores entregados a ACG

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