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Element fluxes from the volcanic front of Nicaragua and Costa Rica

Show simple item record Carr, Michael J. Saginor, Ian Alvarado, Guillermo E. Bolge, Louise L. Lindsay, Fara N. Milidakis, Kathy Turrin, Brent D. Feigenson, Mark D. Swisher III, Carl C. 2016-10-31T16:56:29Z 2016-10-31T16:56:29Z 2007-06-02
dc.identifier.citation Carr MJ, Saginor I, Alvarado GE, Bolge LL, Lindsay FN, Milidakis KI, Turrin BD, Feigenson MD, Swisher CC, III. 2007. Element fluxes from the volcanic front of Nicaragua and Costa Rica. Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems 8: Q06001, doi:10.1029/2006GC001396 es_CR
dc.identifier.uri 10.1029/2006GC001396
dc.description.abstract Geochronologic and geological data define a 600 ka age for the current volcanic front in Costa Rica. In Nicaragua, this age is less constrained but is likely within the range 600 ka to 330 ka. In Costa Rica, the new geochronologic data significantly improve estimates of the volumes of the volcanoes because they define the contact between the active volcanoes and the previous volcanic front, which is substantially older (2.2 to 1.0 Ma). In addition, the contrast in extrusive volcanic flux between western Nicaragua (1.3 × 1010 kg/m/Myr) and central Costa Rica (2.4 × 1010 kg/m/Myr) is greatly reduced from previous estimates and now within the range of error estimates. We estimate the subducted component of flux for Cs, Rb, Ba, Th, U, K, La, Pb, and Sr by subtracting estimated mantle-derived contributions from the total element flux. An incompatible element-rich OIB source for the Cordillera Central segment in Costa Rica makes the subducted element flux there highly sensitive to small changes in the modeled mantle-derived contribution. For the other three segments studied, the estimated errors in concentrations of highly enriched, subduction-derived elements (Cs, Ba, K, and Pb) are less than 26%. Averaged over the time of the current episode of volcanism, the subduction-derived fluxes of Cs, Ba, K, Pb, and Sr are not significantly different among the four segments of the Central American volcanic front in Nicaragua and Costa Rica. The subduction-derived fluxes of Th and La appear to increase to the SE across Nicaragua and Costa Rica, but the estimated errors in their subduction-derived concentrations are very high, making this variation questionable. The lack of change in the fluxes of Cs, Ba, K, Pb, and Sr argues that the well-defined regional variation in Ba/La is the result of changes in the mode or mechanics of fluid delivery into the mantle wedge, not the total amounts of fluids released from the slab. Concentrated or focused fluids in Nicaragua lead to high degrees of melting. Diffuse fluids in Costa Rica cause lower degrees of melting. es_CR
dc.language.iso en_US es_CR
dc.publisher Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems es_CR
dc.subject Central America es_CR
dc.subject geochronology es_CR
dc.subject geochemistry es_CR
dc.subject subduction es_CR
dc.subject element flux es_CR
dc.subject extrusive volcanic flux es_CR
dc.subject Centroamérica es_CR
dc.subject geocronología es_CR
dc.subject geoquímica es_CR
dc.subject subducción es_CR
dc.subject flujo elemento es_CR
dc.subject flujo volcánico extrusive es_CR
dc.title Element fluxes from the volcanic front of Nicaragua and Costa Rica es_CR
dc.type Article es_CR

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