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Historical Overfishing and the Recent Collapse of Coastal Ecosystems

Show simple item record Jackson, Jeremy B.C. Kirby, Michael X. Berger, Wolfgang H. Bjorndal, Karen A. Botsford, Louis W. Bourque, Bruce J. Bradbury, Roger H. Cooke, Richard Erlandson, Jon Estes, James A. Hughes, Terence P. Kidwell, Susan Lange, Carina B. Lenihan, Hunter S. Pandolfi, John M. Peterson, Charles H. Steneck, Robert S. Tegner, Mia J. Warner, Robert R. 2016-06-09T21:06:22Z 2016-06-09T21:06:22Z 2001-07-27
dc.identifier.citation Jackson, J. B. C., Kirby, M. X., Berger, W. H., Bjorndal, K. A., Botsford, L. W., Bourque, B. J.,...Warner, R. R. (2001). Historical Overfishing and the Recent Collapse of Coastal Ecosystems. Science, 293, 629-637. es_CR
dc.description.abstract Ecological extinction caused by overfishing precedes all other pervasive human disturbance to coastal ecosystems, including pollution, degradation of water quality, and anthropogenic climate change. Historical abundances of large consumer species were fantastically large in comparison with recent observations. Paleoecological, archaeological, and historical data show that time lags of decades to centuries occurred between the onset of overfishing and consequent changes in ecological communities, because unfished species of similar trophic level assumed the ecological roles of overfished species until they too were overfished or died of epidemic diseases related to overcrowding. Retrospective data not only help to clarify underlying causes and rates of ecological change, but they also demonstrate achievable goals for restoration and management of coastal ecosystems that could not even be contemplated based on the limited perspective of recent observations alone. es_CR
dc.language.iso en es_CR
dc.publisher American Association for the Advancement of Science es_CR
dc.subject overfishing es_CR
dc.subject coastal ecosystems es_CR
dc.subject extinction es_CR
dc.subject large marine vertebrates es_CR
dc.subject extinción es_CR
dc.subject ecosistemas costeros es_CR
dc.subject sobrepesca es_CR
dc.title Historical Overfishing and the Recent Collapse of Coastal Ecosystems es_CR
dc.type Article es_CR

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